for a circle of radius r is ‘1 rad’ the angle corresponding to length r on the circle,

say

accordingly :

:

for a circle of radius r is ‘1 rad’ the angle corresponding to length r on the circle,

say

accordingly :

:

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The diameter of the smallest disk that a lens can produce as image of a point size object is called Airy-disk

According to the so called “Rayleigh Criterion” holds:

The best possible resolution on image side (at 20% contrast) is the radius of this smallest possible Airy-Disk

When you double the F#, you lose factor 2 of resolution in each x and y direction.

If the lens supported 5 Megapixel before, then it supports only 1.3 Megapixel after

If the lens supported 5 Megapixel before, then it supports only 1.3 Megapixel after

When you double the wavelength (for example 850nm IR instead of 420nm blue), you lose factor 2 of resolution in each x and y direction. If the lens supported 5 Megapixel before, then it supports only 1.3 Megapixel after

See F-number